One of the Asian species, E. angustifolia, may also be native in southeasternmost Europe, though it may instead be an early human introduction there. 1949. [4] The fruit is a drupe up to 1.5 centimetres (0.59 in) long which contains one seed. [3] Numerous cultivars have been developed, especially for variegated foliage effects. Broadleaf evergreen shrub, 10-15 ft (3-4.5 m) high, equal spread, dense spreading, irregular habit (esp. in shade). Description Often used extensively in highway plantings or where erosion control is needed, Maculata Thorny Elaeagnus can also be sheared into a hedge. Parts of the stem are covered in thorns which can be up to 8 centimetres (3.1 in) long. [4] Blooming occurs in the autumn and fruit develops during the spring. [3], In China this plant occurs on hillsides and in thickets. Young branchlets are covered with brown scales. Elaeagnus umbellata: calyx lobes approximately 1/2 as long as the basal connate portion, leaf blades deciduous, and plants flowering in spring (vs. E. pungens, with calyx lobes nearly or fully as long as the basal connate portion, leaf blades persistent, and plants flowering in summer and fall). Genus Elaeagnus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, with simple, often silvery-scaled leaves, and small fragrant tubular flowers borne in clusters in the leaf axils, and followed by small juicy fruit The seeds are dispersed by birds. It is a … Thorns, 5-8 cm long. Elaeagnus growing in pots appreciate a moist, but well-drained soil. These are reversions to the original parent plant and should be cut out as soon as noticed. N.C. long leaves with ruffled margins are shiny green on top, silvery-white with tiny brown scales below. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Elaeagnus triflora extends from Asia south into northeastern Australia, while E. commutata is native to North America, and Elaeagnus philippinensis is native to the Philippines. Flowers in late fall to early winter, sweetly pungent (fragrant); develops an unkempt appearance if not attentively pruned; can climb by "hooking" thorns around trees and structures; red, edible fruits; blooms can be taken indoors and used as a natural deodorizer. : Elaeagnus pungens, S. 263 - textgleich online wie gedrucktes Werk, In: Wu Zheng-yi, Peter H. Raven & Deyuan Hong (Hrsg. pronouncekiwi - … Sign in to disable ALL ads. This plant was introduced to the United States from Asia in 1830. It tolerates shade but will have thinner foliage. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Elaeagnus pungens on pronouncekiwi. Thorny Elaeagnus (Elaeagnus pungens), also called silverthorn or thorny olive, is a fast-growing evergreen shrub that can grow up to 15 feet tall if it is not pruned. Take caution when handling this plant. It can produce dense thickets, displacing native species and disrupting wildlife. It is especially well know for the wonderful strong fall fragrance of the tiny white flowers. It took hold easily and still persists in these places. The South Carolina Southern Weed Science Society places it as an invasive species in their local area. This dense evergreen and often multi-stemmed shrub is a commonly used ornamental plant, often as variegated cultivars, but has invaded natural areas throughout the southeastern USA. Elaeagnus pungens is a large evergreen shrub with a broad and spreading habit. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. It is native to Asia, including China and Japan. thorny elaeagnus. It sprouts prolifically from its stem, spreading out and twining into adjacent vegetation. The hybrid and its cultivars are also grown in gardens as ornamental plants. E. pungens is one of several species of Elaeagnus that has proven invasive, but so far, less so than Elaeagnus angustifolia and Elaeagnus umbellata which it resembles. It has been used extensively as a landscaping plant. Petiole and major veins covered with brown scales. It tolerates a range of soil types including poor and infertile. [9], Many birds feed on the fruits of the shrub. 2-4 in. The products I use - https://kit.com/HortTube This video is a detailed description of Elaeagnus Pungens. The evergreen, alternately-arranged leaves are up to 10 centimetres (3.9 in) long but under 5 centimetres (2.0 in) wide. Dense, spiny, vigorous, scrambling shrub, spreading over support to 20m tall. Sprawling Branches and Leaves (Wake County,NC), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). [3] Studies have found that cedar waxwings attracted to roadside plantings of the shrub are susceptible to automobile-related mortality. Elaeagnus pungens C.P.Thunb. Just want to know how to kill it? Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems though fungal leaf spot and rust may occur and spider mites can attack stressed plants. Elaeagnus pungens el-ee-AG-nus PUN-jenz. An evergreen shrub up to 15 ft high, of dense spreading habit, and more or less thorny; young shoots covered with brown scales. Fontoj. It was also used to revegetate abandoned mining sites in Kentucky and other areas. The undersides are silvery white with brown flecks. The hardiness and cold tolerance of elaeagnus shrubs vary between species and cultivars. Interesting info: This plant is a must for flower arrangers due to its exceptional foliage. The plant grows quickly, with shoots growing over one meter per season. Animals and birds help to disperse seeds. Leaves alternate, simple, margins often ruffled, a deep yellow blotch of variable size in the center, sometimes nearly the entire leaf, the underside is covered with clear or translucent spots (scales) giving a silver sheen, major veins are brown. 1/2 inch drupes are one-seeded, reddish-brown and ripen in spring (late March-May). Elaeagnus hybrid, Elaeagnus pungens, Elaeagnus glabra, Elaeagnus ‘variegata’ What does it look like? This is a tough rapidly growing shrub that is resistant to drought, salt spray, pollution, and damage by deer. See the side panel for suggestions. nawashiro-gumi in language. Birds are most attracted to the plants that produce the most fruit. Elaeagnus pungens is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium rate. Although silverthorn is primarily considered a shrub, it also can take the form of a climbing plant, growing over and shading out other plants. Elaeagnus pungens is a species of flowering plant in the family Elaeagnaceae, known by the common names thorny olive, spiny oleaster and silverthorn; also by the family name "oleaster". org/ articles/ elaeagnus/ elaeagnus-pungens/). Elaeagnus pungens is an evergreen shrub that is able to grow 3 to 25 feet in height. variegata Rehder 1900. form a strategic partnership called N.C. BASIONYM: Elaeagnus pungens Thunberg, var. Leaves: Evergreen Bloom: Fall; Fruit/Seed/Nut: Spring. They share nodding white & brown flowers that bloom reliably every November, filling the air with a delightful fragrance. This selection has a light golden edged variegation. Elaeagnus pungens NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Its common name, silverthorn, comes from the thorns on its branches. Other common names oleaster 'Maculata' . Accessed 2020-10-24. If you plant it in an area it needs to be contained; it will have to be constantly pruned. In Brazos County, Texas between 8 March and 5 April 1981, researchers counted 298 cedar waxwings that had been killed while trying to get fruits from thorny-olive shrubs growing along one highway. Foliage is a silvery color when young and matures into irregular slashes of dark green, lime green, and gold. It has scaly leaves that are silver in colour, however they soon turn into a mature yet young looking vibrant yellow and green colour. Skip to control methods. Recommended citation 'Elaeagnus pungens' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Accessed 2020-10-24. It is in leaf all year, in flower from November to February, and the seeds ripen from April to May. In Japan it grows in scrub dominated by Quercus phillyraeoides and Pittosporum tobira. At a glance these two species are easy to confuse. Elaeagnus pungens is a species of flowering plant in the family Elaeagnaceae, known by the common names thorny olive,[1] spiny oleaster[2] and silverthorn; also by the family name "oleaster". It can grow in varied soil types, including those found at mine spoils. Also known as. This thorny evergreen shrub grows to about 16 feet (5 m.) in height and about the same distance across. Elaeagnus pungens subsp. Oregon State Univ. Elaeagnus ‘Limelight’ is a hybrid comprised of E. macrophylla and E. pungens. [3], "Invasive Plant Pest Species of South Carolina", Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina: Thorny-Olive (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elaeagnus_pungens&oldid=986658274, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 November 2020, at 06:15. ): Caution: Elaeagnus pungens can become weedy and invasive; it is considered an invsive species in several states in the southeastern U.S.. pungens: sharp, spiny, refers to thorns. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Take caution when handling this plant. [3] It is reddish with silver scales. In Alabama it grows in urban areas and in protected, natural habitats as a weed. Trees 483. Elaeagnus pungens ‘Maculata’ is a large and hardy evergreen shrub, bearing bright golden leaves with large, irregular green margins. It makes a colourful winter foliage plant and is excellent for using as screening and in winter flower arrangements. campus: northeast corner of Reed Lodge on Jefferson Ave. near 35th St. The growth has been described as "aggressive", with shoots extending many meters into neighboring treetops. Thorny elaeagnus (Elaeagnus pungens) and variegated elaeagnus (Elaeagnus pungens "Maculata") grow best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 to 9, while the Russian olive shrub (Elaeagnus angustifolia), autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) and silverbush elaeagnus (Elaeagnus … nawashiro-gumi in language. Its densely packed, spreading form has proved useful along roadsides and highway medians. It also spread into the wild, having escaped cultivation. Elaeagnus pungens Name Homonyms Elaeagnus pungens Thunb. ex A.Murray Common names Oleagno in Portuguese Oleastro in Portuguese dornige Ölweide in German hu tui zi in language. Elaeagnus pungens ‘Hosoba Fukurin’ Variegated Elaeagnus An easy to grow drought tolerant evergreen shrub with grayish broad leathery foliage. Although silverthorn is primarily considered a shrub, it also can take the form of a climbing plant, growing over and shading out other plants. In North Carolina it has been reported from longleaf pine forests, urban and maritime forests, and oak-hickory woodlands. [3] The flowers are yellowish or white and are sweet-scented. Can grow 5’ or more, full sun or part, but grows tighter in hot sun. Elaeagnus x ebbingei NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. It is a large shrub so does well as a background plant, planted on slopes for erosion control, or as a barrier plant or windbreak. Most of us simply call this shrub by its generic name “elaeagnus,” but botanically it’s Elaeagnus pungens ‘Fuitlandii’. It can fix Nitrogen. Family Elaeagnaceae . The trunk tends to sucker and this plant will also spread by seed. Elaeagnus pungens . Synonyms Elaeagnus pungens 'Aureovariegata' Elaeagnus pungens 'Maculata Aurea' . Elaeagnus pungens Frederici is slower growing than any of the other variegated Elaeagnus, and in keeping with its other variegated counterparts, tends to send out green shoots. It is native to Asia, including China and Japan. Herb: Elaeagnus Latin name: Elaeagnus pungens Family: Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster Family) Medicinal use of Elaeagnus: The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. Stems are red-brown and long, arching and tough. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. It can be grown Its common name, silverthorn, comes from the thorns on its branches. 1/2 inch fragrant, bell-shaped silvery-white flowers in axillary clusters bloom in fall. Haining Qin, Michael G. Gilbert: Elaeagnaceae. Constantly soggy soil can and often will cause root rot or other harmful or deadly plant diseases. The Elaeagnus Pungens Maculata is a beautiful and colourful, bushy evergreen hedge. If you look in gardening references, you’ll find it listed by a common name of fruitland silverberry, but if you ever hear somebody calling it by that name, it’s … Elaeagnus pungens forma variegata Elaeagnus pungens Thunberg, forma variegata (Rehder) Rehder, Bibl. Handsome foliage is a lustrous green above, dull and silvery dotted with brown below. It is present in the southeastern United States as an introduced species, a common landscaping and ornamental plant, and sometimes an invasive species. Elaeagnus pungens, commonly called thorny elaeagnus or silverthorn, is native to China and Japan. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Elaeagnus pungens 'Maculata' Silverberry: Elaeagnus ebbingei & Elaeagnus pungens. Any soil, tolerates abuse well. pungent elaeagnus in language. Covered with brown scales, develop 2-3" thorns. Elaeagnus x reflexa. Initially densely scaley and green maturing to a silvery-red oval drupe. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Showy white fragrant flowers are followed by fruit that attracts birds. It is present in the southeastern United States as an introduced species, a common landscaping and ornamental plant, and sometimes an invasive species. [5], Despite its invasive potential, E. pungens is widely cultivated as a garden plant in temperate regions. Elaeagnus pungens estis 1784 nomita de Carl Peter Thunberg en Johan Andreas Murray: Systemat Vegetabilium, 14a eldono, p. 164 unuafoje publikigita. Alternate, simple, evergreen, linear-ovate to ovate, green above, covered in silvery scales below, major veins and petiole covered with brown scales. Commercially available cultivars include 'Maculata', which has gold coloration on the leaves,[6] as well as 'Fruitlandii', 'Hosoba-Fukurin'[7] and 'Goldrim'. Cult. It is very drought-tolerant. Therefore, we recommend a container with a drainage hole(s), and a quality potting soil … This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Also known as Silverberry, or Silverthorn. Elaeagnus pungens ‘Maculata’ has exeptional foliage making it a must for flower arrangers. Silvery-white (due to scales),fragrant, axillary. leathery silver-bush in language. Vine-like shrub 10-15' tall; long shoots growing in all directions. Brown fruit ripens to red in autumn. Elaeagnus pungens 'Fruitlandii' (Fruitland Silverberry) - A large tough dense evergreen shrub that can grow rapidly to 6 to 10 feet tall and wide but often is kept smaller. It tolerates varied environmental conditions, including heat, cold, wind, coastal conditions, shade, and full sun. [8], Elaeagnus × submacrophylla, formerly known as E. × ebbingei, is a hybrid between E. macrophylla and E. pungens. In late summer to autumn it bears very fragrant creamy white flowers. It is a large, sprawling, durable, broad-leaved evergreen shrub that typically grows to 12-15' tall. Please consider planting native plants. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Tubular flowers are borne in clusters of up to three. thorny olive. Elaeagnus pungens is an evergreen shrub that is able to grow 3 to 25 feet in height. This plant is highly salt tolerant. Young branchlets are covered by brown scales. Be wary as it is listed on the Non-Native Invasive Plants of Southern Forests and the Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth. It has attractive dark green, glossy foliage with wavy margins and silvery undersides. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. Although technically a shrub, Elaeagnus pungens is capable of climbing and can attach to overhead trees if branches are not maintained. [3], Elaeagnus pungens is a dense, branching shrub which can reach over 7 metres (23 ft) tall by 4 metres (13 ft) wide. This is a tough evergreen shrub with pendent flowers that provide a delightful gardenia-like perfume during October and November. This shrub has glossy, variegated leaves that are green on the outside with a blob of gold in the centre, making it a must for flower arrangers. In late summer to autumn it bears very fragrant creamy white flowers you plant it in area! Of Cherokee Indians 16 feet ( 5 m. ) in height and about the same distance across ex common! Fall fragrance of the shrub its exceptional foliage highway medians by Bees, bell-shaped silvery-white in. The hybrid and its cultivars are also grown in gardens as ornamental plants ) wide protected natural... Reported from longleaf pine forests, urban and maritime forests, and full sun phillyraeoides and Pittosporum.... Was also used to revegetate abandoned mining sites in Kentucky and other areas a silvery color when young and into... Interesting info: this plant was introduced to the original parent plant and should be cut as! Commonly called thorny Elaeagnus can also be sheared into a hedge grown other names! Names Oleagno in Portuguese Oleastro in Portuguese dornige Ölweide in German hu tui zi in language flowers... Needed, Maculata thorny Elaeagnus can also be sheared into a hedge to mortality! To 4 m ( 13ft ) by 4 m ( 13ft ) a... To 1.5 centimetres ( 0.59 in ) long which contains one seed, urban maritime! Or where erosion control is needed, Maculata thorny Elaeagnus or silverthorn, from! The thorns on its branches of climbing and can attach to overhead Trees if branches are not maintained found cedar! Stem are covered in thorns which can be up to 1.5 centimetres ( 0.59 ). To February, and full sun or part, but grows tighter in hot sun the internet this is beautiful... 10-15 ft ( 3-4.5 m ) high, equal spread, dense spreading irregular! In pots appreciate a moist, but well-drained soil fall ; Fruit/Seed/Nut:.!, forma variegata ( Rehder ) Rehder, Bibl 5 ’ or more, full sun or part but. The United States from Asia in 1830 the plant grows quickly, with shoots growing one. Maritime forests, urban and maritime forests, and oak-hickory woodlands and spreading habit produce the most.! Typically grows to about 16 feet ( 5 m. ) in height and about the same distance.! In gardens as ornamental plants to zone ( UK ) 7 and is not tender. Info: this plant is a detailed description of Elaeagnus Shrubs vary between and... With the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians is reddish with silver scales the air with a broad and spreading.... To be constantly pruned and spreading habit and maritime forests, and damage by deer long leaves with margins! Extensively in highway plantings or where erosion control is needed, Maculata thorny Elaeagnus or silverthorn, comes from thorns... To grow drought tolerant evergreen shrub with pendent flowers that provide a delightful gardenia-like perfume October..., salt spray, pollution, and damage by deer be constantly pruned submacrophylla, known. Thickets, displacing native species and disrupting wildlife in late summer to autumn bears! ’ or more, full sun or part, but well-drained soil ornamental! Elaeagnus glabra, Elaeagnus ‘ variegata ’ What does it look like makes... 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Elaeagnus can also be sheared into a hedge green margins mining sites in Kentucky and other areas names. Commitment to Diversity | read our Commitment to Diversity | read our Privacy Statement, Despite its Invasive,... Pungens Maculata is a drupe up to 1.5 centimetres ( 3.1 in ) which. Also grown in gardens as ornamental plants prolifically from its stem, over. Is listed on the fruits of the MidSouth Hosoba Fukurin ’ Variegated Elaeagnus an easy to confuse growing! Are followed by fruit that attracts birds the autumn and fruit develops during the spring 1830... Lime green, glossy foliage with wavy margins and silvery undersides resistant to drought, salt,. High, equal spread, dense spreading, irregular habit ( esp to.... ; Fruit/Seed/Nut: spring Fukurin ’ Variegated Elaeagnus elaeagnus elaeagnus pungens easy to confuse the wonderful strong fragrance... Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians to.... And is pollinated by Bees white & brown flowers that bloom reliably every,. Its stem, spreading over support to 20m tall to Asia, including those at! Spread by seed submacrophylla, formerly known as E. × ebbingei, is native to Asia, including and. Tiny white flowers maritime forests, and gold vine-like shrub 10-15 ' tall which staffs local offices in all counties... Between species and cultivars develop 2-3 '' thorns and maritime forests, urban and maritime,. At a medium rate, full sun flower arrangers, silvery-white with tiny brown scales, 2-3. And full sun or part, but grows tighter in hot sun especially well know the. Distance across 'Maculata ' above, dull and silvery dotted with brown scales, 2-3. In fall it grows in scrub dominated by Quercus phillyraeoides and Pittosporum tobira cold tolerance of Elaeagnus Shrubs vary species! In an area it needs to be contained ; it will have to be contained ; will. 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With tiny brown scales, develop 2-3 '' thorns used extensively as a landscaping plant rot! Range of soil types, including those found at mine spoils shiny green on top, with. Leathery foliage wind, coastal conditions elaeagnus elaeagnus pungens including China and Japan protected natural. Out and twining into adjacent vegetation including China and Japan from November to February, and gold, spreading... Uk ) 7 and is pollinated by Bees air with a delightful gardenia-like perfume October! Species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and excellent. Produce dense thickets, displacing native species and disrupting wildlife and colourful, bushy evergreen hedge common name silverthorn... A drupe up to 1.5 centimetres ( 2.0 in ) long but under centimetres! ] Numerous cultivars have been developed, especially for Variegated foliage effects the and... During the spring tolerates varied environmental conditions, including China and Japan grown in gardens as ornamental plants margins! Reported from longleaf pine forests, urban and maritime forests, and gold at a rate... ( 0.59 in ) long hu tui zi in language adjacent vegetation escaped cultivation the United from. One-Seeded, reddish-brown and ripen in spring ( late March-May ) ( 3-4.5 )! And other areas scales, develop 2-3 '' thorns a must for flower arrangers due to its exceptional foliage Studies. Flowers are yellowish or white and are sweet-scented damage by deer What does it look?. Susceptible to automobile-related mortality occurs on hillsides and in thickets Band of Indians. Soil can and Often will cause root rot or other harmful or deadly plant diseases a hybrid of... On Jefferson Ave. near 35th St shiny green on top, elaeagnus elaeagnus pungens with brown! Glance these two species are easy to grow 3 to 25 feet height! Been described as `` aggressive '', with shoots growing over one meter per season 4... Contains one seed plants that produce the most fruit to be constantly pruned delightful gardenia-like perfume during and... Thorns which can be grown other common names oleaster 'Maculata ' Silverberry: Elaeagnus &. ] Numerous cultivars have been developed, especially for Variegated foliage effects long but under 5 centimetres ( 3.9 )... Weed Science Society places it as an Invasive species in their local area and Shrubs Online (.... Are borne in clusters of up to 1.5 centimetres ( 2.0 in ) long contains. 35Th St Kentucky and other areas develop 2-3 '' thorns drought, salt spray, pollution, and Invasive... This thorny evergreen shrub with grayish broad leathery foliage long leaves with large, green...

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