This was true of him apparently, as it was true of Christ actually. This shows that God had a purpose in leaving out all record of Melchisedec's family, namely, so that he would appear in that sense to be like that "other priest" who actually was not to have any descendants. Horace calls himself “a man nullis majoribus ortus” (Hor. Consequently most commentators have adopted a metaphorical interpretation of what the writer said of him here. Here for instance though the reference is to one person, the attribute implied by the participle is ascribed only in conception. These intellectual hang-ups kept them from continuing on to maturity in Jesus. Tholuck, 'Melchisedek remains in so far as the type remains in the antitype, his priesthood, in Christ.' The greatness of Abraham then lay in hopes; of Melchisedek in present possession. It does not terminate! But made like unto the Son of God; afwmoiwmenov he was in these things the shadow, picture, and resemblance of what Christ should be in his royal priesthood; in these singular prerogatives a visible type of God-man; he was the sign likening, and Christ was the truth and substance of it. Read Hebrews 7 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). The argument that precedes our text in Hebrews is to show that if Melchizedek is "without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but resembling the Son of God, he remains a priest forever" (7:3). To continue with Hebrews 7. The words that follow are of similar character. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/hebrews-7.html. We will be sure in our minds about things that we cannot even see. “The permanent character of the priesthood is here described, not its actual duration” (Rendall). Thus it is not that Melchizedek sets the pattern and Jesus follows it. Others, ancient and modem, think he was the Son of God Himself—an opinion untenable, inconsistent alike with the Psalm and with the entire teaching of this Epistle. But Melchizedek's priesthood never came to an end, and even though he is no longer on the earth, he is still a priest of the Most High God. To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, … He who needs not, as the Levitical priests, to be able to trace his genealogy back to Levi. It is the permanence of the Melchisedek priesthood on which stress is laid. In the same way, many Christians are hung up on intellectual issues that couldbe resolved, allowing them to move o… 1:6: "When He (God) again bringeth in the Firstborn into the world. God the Father is not the Priest of God, but Christ the Son is! Not because we find no mention of the parents of Melchizedek is he thus spoken of as fatherless and motherless, but because he is suddenly introduced as priest, without any token whatever that he held the office by right of genealogy, the only claim familiar to Hebrew readers. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Hebrews 7:3: Leviticus 27:30-33 εἰς τὸ διηνεκές is not precisely “for ever,” but “for a continuance,” or permanence. Commentary for Hebrews 7–13 Hebrews 7:1–2. He was without father and mother. It never grows old, but is ever the same image of infancy. “Without a genealogy.” Melchisedek has no recorded predecessor or successor. Why? ", Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament. He remains so in the reality of his office, but only as a figure and type of Christ. This was no accident nor is it due to a lack of custom or facilities for recording descent which means a record of family names. We only know that he lived, and thus he is a fitting type of One Who lives continually. The divine words are not to be measured by the meaning which man may at first assign to them. The gist of the argument in Hebrews 7 is that, since the Levitical priesthood has no authority under the New Covenant, the ritual laws pertaining to the priesthood are no longer valid. He was the "priest of that Most High God." received—Greek, "hath received tithes." ἀλλὰ τούτου μὲν παρὰ τὸ μὴ γεγράφθαι, ἐκείνου δὲ παρὰ τὸ μὴ εἶναι. Observe further: Melchizedek was "without mother, without father, without descent," or as the Phillips translation renders it: "He had no father or mother and no family tree." 1851. 1 This is what it means to trust God: We will be sure about the things that we hope for. See PNT Heb 7:1. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Hebrews 7:3: Leviticus 27:30-33 John 17:17 Hebrews 7:1-3 Hebrews 7:1-3 Hebrews 7:2 : Hebrews 7:4 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. 3 Because of faith, we understand about how God made the universe.He spoke his word to make it happen. Scripture quoted by permission. Melchizedek would never have fulfilled His office of High Priest if He had not died for the sins of the people and risen again. A genealogical successor pushes his predecessor out of office and out of life. It is not necessary to adduce proof of the care with which inquiry was made into the parentage of the Jewish priests (Nehemiah 7:64): in their marriages they were subject to strict restraints (Leviticus 21:13-14); their statement of pedigree (in which was given the name not of father only, but also of every mother) must be complete, ascending to Aaron, and containing no doubtful link. And so the image of this king-priest, as seen in the divine tableau, is not born, and never dies. 1905. Melchizedek stands discrete on the pages of history, appearing only for a brief instant! having been invested with a typical resemblance to Christ. Notice again: Melchizedek, this scripture reveals, abides that is, remains permanently, continually, a priest. As far as he is revealed to us, he is a living character, one that lives right on, like unto the Son of God. Finally, Hebrews 7:15 states that Jesus is a priest “after the similitude [likeness] of Melchizedek,” not that he actually was Melchizedek. Melchizedek and Christ are one and the same Person! μήτε ἀρχὴν ἡμερῶν κ.τ.λ. He who is a priest “like Melchizedek” holds a priesthood that rests on no such rights or claims. The want of priestly genealogy, which is his unlikeness to the Jewish priests, is his likeness to Christ; who, being of the tribe of Judah, was, as to the priestly record, without father, without mother. E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. "Family Bible New Testament". But Christ is not dead. The meaning is that Melchizedek's priesthood does not derive from these things which were so important to the Aaronic priesthood. Pure eternity is its rise, and its end shall not be till God be all in all. To be a Jewish high priest, there had to be a precise record of mother and father, of ancestors, of birth, and this priesthood was limited to a certain definite period of time. 7 For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, 2 and to him Abraham apportioned a tenth part of everything. . He pertained to another tribe; Hebrews 7:14. Abideth a priest continually— One thousand years after this king-priest lived, the inspired psalmist contemplated the tableau, and there beheld him still, a priest forever. With the latter, these truths are simply a matter of record; but with Jesus they are not only historically true, they also have significant spiritual dimensions. nor one whose father exercised any base trade. μένει ἱερεὺς εἶς τὸ διηνεκές] remains priest for ever, in that, as of his end of life so also of the cessation of his priesthood, nothing is recorded. 1859. Hebrews Commentary James Rosscup - This dispensationally oriented work is not verse-by-verse, but deals with the exposition on a broader scale, treating blocks of thought within the chapters. See also Charles P. Baylis, "The Author of Hebrews" Use of Melchizedek from the Context of Genesis ," (Th.D. All sacrifices are superseded, by the sacrifice of the cross, and all priesthoods by the priesthood of our Lord. Hebrews. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". BibliographyConstable, Thomas. Preview. The question may be raised, Whence did this grouping of shadowy traits into a significant image arise? BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. In this verse is a mystical description of the eternity of Christ’s person and priesthood, set out by the Spirit in the silence and omission of things that concerned Melchisedec and his glory; so that what here is represented to be typically and in shadow, that was Christ really and substantially; for he gives no account of his father, mother, genealogy, birth, or death; the Spirit either not revealing it to him, or ordering him to leave it out, that he might appear the more lively and perfect type of Christ, being represented in all things different from all the men that ever were, or shall be: such a priest therefore as he was, was Christ to be; not deriving his priesthood from any by birth, nor leaving it to any after him. The notion that Melchisedek was the Holy Spirit (which was held by an absurd sect who called themselves Melchisedekites); or “the Angel of the Presence”; or “God the Word, previous to Incarnation”; or “the Shechinah”; or “the Captain of the Lord’s Host”; or “an Angel”; or “a reappearance of Enoch”; or an “ἐνσάρκωσις of the Holy Ghost”; are, on all sound hermeneutical principles, not only “almost” but quite “childish.” They belong to methods of interpretation which turn Scripture into an enigma and neglect all the lessons which result so plainly from the laws which govern its expression, and the history of its interpretation. Like Melchizedek, Jesus is both king and priest in one person. Compare all, Since God names individuals what they are, that, then is what this man is: "King of Righteousness.". If that be true then Christ is still dead! It is from the Greek word AGENEALOGETOS which Thayer defines as follows: "Of whose descent there is no account." So the eternity in Psalms 110:4 is that of the priestly office chiefly. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/hebrews-7.html. Abideth a priest continually: these words are the key to all the description before. "The idea of basing exegesis on silence is familiar in Philo"s writings and would not in itself have seemed strange to Jewish readers." A first century reader understood it as it is worded in the TEV. Hebrews 7:3. You must not relinquish this to a commentator. K.J.V. How little the writer of this Epistle meant to exaggerate the typology is shewn by the fact that he does not so much as allude to the “bread and wine” to which an unreal significance has been attached both by Jewish and Christian commentators. The way in which he is like the Son of God has to do with the fact of his priesthood. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. Was it purposed by Providence in shaping the existence of the facts so as to form a type? Hebrews 7 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by E.W. Rather, the record about Melchizedek is so arranged that it brings out certain truths, that apply far more fully to Jesus than they do to Melchizedek. If no record is given of the death or replacement of Melchisedec, then logically his priesthood was continous. Human self-righteousness is, before God, as filthy rags. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". Melchizedek Blesses Abram, by Walter Rane. George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. It is a combination of the passage in Genesis with the allusion in Psalms 110, shewing that the two together constitute Melchisedek a Divinely appointed type of a Priesthood received from no ancestors and transmitted to no descendants. Without father and without mother means he did not obtain his priesthood from his ancestors as did the Levitical priests ( Exodus 29:29-30; Numbers 20:28). ", Ch. 11:40: "God having provided some better thing concerning us, that apart from us they (the O.T. Without beginning of days or end of life. Please read our short guide how to send a book to Kindle. Hebrews 7 English Standard Version (ESV) The Priestly Order of Melchizedek. Hebrews 8:5, [where in like manner heavenly things are set forth as more ancient than the things belonging to the Levitical priesthood.—V. In the Alexandrian School, to which (whether he was Apollos or not) the writer of this Epistle belonged, the custom of allegorising Scripture had received an immense development, and the silence of Scripture was regarded as the suggestion of mysterious truths. In other words, the verse describes the situation of Melchisedec as God permitted it to appear in history, in order to form a type of Christ whose situation as to family relationship was to be actually that way. The Expositor's Greek Testament. As regards the μήτε we may observe that as in Modern Greek μὴ has become the invariable negative with participles, so we find a tendency in this direction in Hellenistic Greek. All other priests were only types, emblems, and shadows of him, which when he appeared vanished away. Nothing is said in Genesis of the end of his priesthood, or of his having had either predecessor or successor, which typically represents Christ's eternal priesthood, without beginning or end. That which hath no beginning nor end of it recorded, is as abiding for ever; which this type had not, and so fully sets out the truth designed to be conveyed by it. Sat. Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. The father and mother of Melchisedek, as also his children, were not descended from Levi, as the Levitical priests (Hebrews 7:6) were required to be; and are not even mentioned by Moses. The terms used are wide and sweeping, and while the Targums and Philo, and modern commentators, find no difficulty in the explanations given above of the phrases ‘without father or mother or genealogy,’ a deeper meaning is not without its attractions, especially when the words are applied to the great antitype Christ ‘Without father,’ it has been thought, may refer to the fact that Christ had no earthly father and no Divine mother (answering to His higher nature), while the later expressions, ‘without beginning of days or end of life,’ are descriptive, they think, of Him whose going forth are from everlasting, and who, though He died, conquered death, and has taken the nature He assumed into union with His essential eternity. But made like (in the respect named) unto the Son of God, abideth a priest continually. BibliographyBengel, Johann Albrecht. And certainly none but One of the God Family—the divine Kingdom of God—would be King of Righteousness. No one of his ancestors is mentioned as a priest; and as a priest he has no descendants, and no followers. This statement, directly resting upon the preceding clause, is that towards which the whole sentence (Hebrews 7:1; Hebrews 7:3) has been tending. [Note: Hodges, " Hebrews ," p798.] NETBible: Without father, without mother, without genealogy, he has neither beginning of days nor end of life but is like the son of God, and he remains a priest for all time. Notice Paul's own inspired interpretation of this fact: "Having neither beginning of days, nor end of life" (Hebrews 7:3). Without father, &c. Not that he had no father, &c. but that neither his father, nor his pedigree, nor his birth, nor his death, are set down in Scripture. He must not have been an ordinary mortal. 1:1 In the past God spoke to our forefathers through the prophets at many times and in various ways, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom he made the universe. Appian (De Bell. . HEBREWS IVP New Testament Commentary Series. These questions, interesting as they are, we leave a beautiful and sacred mystery. The fact that some of these notions about him may plead the authority of great names is no more than can be said of thousands of the absolute, and even absurd, misinterpretations in the melancholy history of slowly-corrected errors which passes under the name of Scripture exegesis. Personally and humanly, Jesus had a mother, the blessed Virgin. g.]— μένει, remains) The positive for the negative in respect of Melchisedec: he remains and lives, Hebrews 7:8 : i.e. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". The Jewish writers supposed him to have been Shem (see Gill), or Enoch, or Job. See what over 150,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. No man is Lord or King over God's law. Yet, in the days when the Apostle Paul lived and wrote, shortly after Jesus ascended to heaven as High Priest, the scripture states that even then Melchizedek "abideth"—which means does now abide—"a priest continually." There have from the first been many who have been dissatisfied with such an explanation of these remarkable words, and have understood them to ascribe to Melchizedek a mysterious and superhuman existence and character. for Christ himself was not without a Father according to his divinity, nor without a Mother in his humanity; but because his genealogy is not given in Genesis, as of the other patriarchs is, but he is abruptly introduced without any mention of either his birth or death. Commentary on Hebrews 3:7-13 (Read Hebrews 3:7-13) Days of temptation are often days of provocation. Not equal, but like! And, inevitably, any fulfilment, as demanded by Alford, would require two literal eternal high priests, which is entirely inadmissible. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". Or did the inspired imagination of the psalmist, seeing the facts as incidentally narrated, group them into form? No Hebrew, reading these words, would have been led to these idle and fantastic conclusions about the superhuman dignity of the Canaanite prince in himself, and apart from his purely typical character. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". But why are the name-types of Hebrews 7:2 any less “childish?” We do not, wisely, require that the type should be a literal, but a shadowy, representation of its object. No! The likeness of Melchisedec to the Son of God refers both to the former and the latter; but it is also more directly connected with the latter, because it has more reference to the purpose in hand. He is alive. . But “Christ as God has no mother, as man no Father.” The primitive Church neither used nor sanctioned the name Θεοτόκος “Mother of God” as applied to the Virgin Mary. (See Genesis 10:1-32.) We read nothing of his father or mother, or of his descent. ἀγενεαλόγητος. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. Bible Commentary for Hebrews 7:3. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/hebrews-7.html. Comp. 1952. Hebrews 7:3. International Bible Lesson Commentary Hebrews 7:1-3 & 18-28 (Hebrews 7:1) For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; What we know about Melchizedek from the Old Testament can be found only in Genesis 14:18-20 and Psalms 110:4. cxxxvi.) This is the usual interpretation of the words, which has been the prevalent one in … ἀμήτωρ. The tithe pays for this important responsibility. We read of Aaron and his sons being consecrated to, and entering on, the priest's office, and of their deaths, but nothing of this kind is related of Melchisedec. The high priest succeeded on the day of his predecessor"s decease. The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Hebrews Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET CHAPTER 7 Hbr 7:1-28. The key to this misunderstood verse is in the meaning of the phrase without descent. And remember, Jesus is called the Prince of peace! How much force would he have added to the typology if he had ventured to treat these gifts as prophecies of the Eucharist, as some of the Fathers do! "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". It is enough to say that he probably represents a royal worshipper of the true God, the head of his race, before as yet the primitive worship had become corrupt, and before there had arisen any need for selecting a particular family as the depositary and the guard of the Divine will. p. 497), that Melchisedec is termed an everlasting priest in no other sense than as, according to the Apocalypse, all the blessed in heaven are so, see the observations of Riehm, Lehrbegr. Then it denotes one who is born after the death of his father; then one whose father is unknown - “spurious. Introduction. Hebrews 7:3 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 7:3, NIV: "Without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, resembling the Son of God, he remains a priest forever." "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". Hebrews 7:3 in all English translations. Darby . KJV, Thinline Bible, Compact, Cloth over Board, Purple. The TEV accurately translates the Hebrew idiom. But the apostle says that there was no such genealogical table in regard to Melchizedek. Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13. Without such records human priests could not serve (Ezra 2:62). That is, Melchizedek is superior to Abraham only as a type of Christ. Melchizedek was “a great Old Testament high priest, prophet, and leader who lived after the flood and during the time of Abraham. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. As far as Scripture is concerned it may be said of him, that “he lives without dying, fixed for ever as one who lives by the pen of the sacred historian, and thus stamped as a type of the Son, the ever-living Priest.”. BibliographyMeyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". They contend that since Christ died, He had an end of life! The writer to the Hebrews wanted to remove these intellectual problems the Jewish Christians had with the gospel. Passow.” The word occurs often in these senses in the classic writers, for numerous examples of which the reader may consult Wetstein in loc. Comp. The church is commissioned to preach the gospel free of charge. This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. What in the type means no record, meant in the antitype no existence. It is, therefore, good only for our author’s argument. Many other persons of those times had their pedigrees or family names recorded in the Bible. He met Abraham returning from the defeat of the kings and blessed him, and Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. Luke 7:33, ἐλήλυθεν Ἰωάννης μήτε ἐσθίων … μήτε πίνων. Some people have stumbled on the statement that Melchizedek has no "end of life." He cannot be God the Father, but rather, "made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually" (Hebrews 7:3). 1897. 2 It was because of their faith that God said good things about the people of long ago. With the latter, these truths are simply a matter of record; but with Jesus they are not only historically true, they also have significant spiritual dimensions." by Ray C. Stedman. Hebrews 7:3, ESV: "He is without father or mother or genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but resembling the Son of God he continues a priest forever." Hebrews 11 What it means to trust God. Without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, he remains a priest perpetually. There is no record. [Note: Morris, pp63 , 64. (See Ezra 2:61-62; Nehemiah 7:63-64, where families which could not actually produce their pedigree are excluded from the priesthood.) He it like the Son of God. Against the view of Auberlen (l.c. This shows they were two separate persons, but were like unto each other in certain respects. File: PDF, 2.12 MB. ... beginning of days, nor end ... abideth ... continually," belong. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. But He is now eternally self-existing. As man, Christ had no father; as God, no mother. None can be righteous but God—or one made righteous by God's power—Christ in a person! BibliographyHaldane, Robert. 1835. A FEW PRELIMINARY words may be useful, before we consider the chapter in its details. The hardening of the heart is the spring of all other sins. Yet Melchizedek cannot be God the Father. Bruce is not correct in saying: “The variation in expression ( εἰς τὸ διηνεκές instead of εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα, Hebrews 6:20) is probably made out of regard to style, rather than to convey a different shade of meaning”. Without descent; there is no line of him described in the Scripture, mentioning from whence he descended, or by what genealogy he came to the priesthood, as the Aaronites did clear their right, Nehemiah 7:64. When speaking of one of the points of that law, Jesus placed Himself superior to it. He was born, and lived, and died, and had a father and mother no less than any one else, but by not mentioning these facts, the Scripture, interpreted on mystic principles, “throws on him a shadow of Eternity: gives him a typical Eternity.” The expressions used of him are only literally true of Him whose type he was. ... Hebrews 7:3 Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. 12:26-28: "Yet once more will I make to tremble not the earth only, but also the Heaven ... Wherefore, receiving a kingdom that cannot he shaken, let us have grace. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/hebrews-7.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/hebrews-7.html. Made like unto—The group of traits are seen to frame an image and likeness in shadow of the Son of God. Hebrews 10:12; Hebrews 10:14. Young's As Melchisedec was without father, that was a priest before him, or is recorded, from whom he should derive, as the Levitical priesthood had; so Christ, as to his humanity, was without any human father, conceived only by the power of the Holy Ghost. The meaning of this clause is exactly the same as that of the last—namely that neither the birth nor death of Melchisedek is recorded, which makes him all the more fit to be a type of the Son of God. ", Ch. And no wonder. There are even few of the Levitical priests whose mothers are mentioned in Scripture; but yet their Levitical sanctity (as to their wives) is universally enjoined, Leviticus 21:13-14; and, at all events, the wife of Aaron, from whom all the priests are descended, is mentioned, Exodus 6:23 : and Sarah, the wife of Abraham himself, Isaiah 51:2.— μήτε ἀρχὴν, nor beginning) The eternity of the Son of God is intimated.— ἔχων, having) with Moses, who nevertheless relates the death of Aaron.— ἡμερῶν, of days) It was not so suitable to say, the beginning of life or the end of days, Hebrews 7:16, where power is mentioned along with life.— ἀφωμοιωμένος δὲ τῷ υἱῷ τοῦ θεοῦ, but made like to the Son of GOD) δὲ, but, properly has respect to the opposition between the negatives, which precede, and the positive, which follows, and takes the former for granted. He was probably of Shemitic, not Canaanite origin: the last independent representative of the original Shemitic population, which had been vanquished by the Canaanites, Ham's descendants. 1909-1922. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/hebrews-7.html. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". “He stood alone.”, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Without father, without mother, without genealogy, ἀφωμοιωμένος δὲ τῷ υἱῷ τοῦ θεοῦ, William Newell's Commentary on Romans and Revelation, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. This does not mean that Melchizedek's records of birth were lost. Aaron's priesthood terminated at his death, and his son replaced him as high priest. The former has no such real importance as the latter in human history. These words still refer to the history and not properly to the Psalm (Psalms 110:4), where it is said that Melchisedec was made like to Christ, and so, instead of ‘a priest for ever,’ the phrase of the Psalm, we have ‘a priest continually,’ one whose office remains unbroken either at the beginning or at the close. Hebrews 7:3. ἀγενεαλόγητος, resolved in Hebrews 7:6 into μὴ γενεαλογούμενος, does not occur in classical nor elsewhere in Biblical Greek. To answer the objections of the Jews against the legitimacy of the priesthood of Christ, taken from the stock from which he proceeded. But here Melchizedek had no genealogy. See App-151. Alford objects, that language so strong as “neither beginning of days nor end of life,” is unsatisfactorily accounted for by the birth and life not being mentioned; he even styles this exposition “childish;” and he thinks there must be some mysterious literal fulfilment which he admits to be above explanation. Note, too, that this man was King of peace. This shows that God can raise up a godly witness for Himself when and where He pleases. Study the bible online using commentary on Hebrews 7 and more! But there is no indication elsewhere in Scripture that he was anything but a human being. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/hebrews-7.html. 9:28: "Christ ... shall appear a second time, apart from sin, to them that wait for Him, unto salvation. With Melchisedek the priesthood and worship of the true God in Canaan ceased. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hal/hebrews-7.html. Pages: 432. Retail: $17.99. King James Version (KJV) Public Domain. THE PARALLEL SUPERIORITIES OF MELCHIZEDEK AND CHRIST OVER AARON MAY BE REPRESENTED BY THE FOLLOWING TABULATION:—. The feeling that the most startling of the expressions here used must surely be intended to point to more than the silence of Scripture on certain points, is not at all unnatural; but perhaps it is not too much to say that every such difficulty is removed by the consideration that here the writer is simply analysing the thought of the inspired Psalmist. Jesus Himself said: "There is none good but one, that is, God" (Matthew 19:17). From the fact that Gain’s death is nowhere recorded in Genesis, Philo draws the lesson that evil never dies among the human race; and he calls Sarah “motherless” because her mother is nowhere mentioned. Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". Hebrews 7:3. civ., i. A literal interpretation of this verse might lead one to conclude that Melchizedek was an angelic being, and the Qumran Community evidently regarded Melchizedek as an angel. Therefore He has always existed from eternity! "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". Melchisedek was the highest and last representative of the Noachic covenant, as Christ was the highest and ever-enduring representative of the Abrahamic. Therefore without recorded pedigree. apator, ametor, agenealogetos. Isaiah 53:8; compare Hebrews 7:12,15. ... Hebrews 7:3 NIV Hebrews 7:3 NLT Hebrews 7:3 ESV Hebrews 7:3 NASB Hebrews 7:3 KJV Hebrews 7:3 Bible Apps Hebrews 7:3 Biblia Paralela Hebrews 7:3 Chinese Bible Hebrews 7:3 French Bible Hebrews 7:3 German Bible Alphabetical: a beginning but days end father forever genealogy God having he life … μένει ἱερεὺς εἰς τὸ διηνεκές “abideth a priest continually”. It is the function of the High Priest to lead the way to salvation. 1832. saints) should not be made perfect. 1. this Melchisedec-- ( Hbr 6:20 Psa 110:4). Melchisedek was, in his priesthood, "made like" Christ, as far as the imperfect type could represent the perfect archetype. Hebrews 7:1-3. δὲ attaches this clause to the immediately preceding, “having neither etc.,” but in this respect made like to the Son of God, see Hebrews 1:2, Hebrews 9:14 and Hebrews 1:10; Hebrews 1:12. Are there two High Priests? Since God made all laws (James 4:12), He is Supreme Ruler or King. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". Scipio said scornfully to the mob of the Forum “St! The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. The doctrine is even more popular than the opposite extreme, forgiveness without sacrifice and without priest. We may easily concede, therefore, that it is placed and modelled there for this typical purpose. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/hebrews-7.html. Hebrews 7:3. ἀπάτωρ, ἀμήτωρ, ἀγενεαλόγητος, without father, without mother, without genealogy [descent]) The parents, ancestors, children, posterity of Melchisedec are not descended from Levi, as was required to be the case with the Levites, Hebrews 7:6, and they are not even mentioned by Moses; and this silence is full of mystery, which is immediately unfolded. We have already observed that Melchisedec was a man; he must, therefore, have had a father and a mother, but his priesthood was not by descent like that of the sons of Aaron, "having neither beginning of days nor end of life." Legitimacy of the God Family—the divine Kingdom of God—would be King of (! John 1:18, 5:37 ), or of his birth or death, of his or. True of Christ 's High priesthood after the order of Christ actually person. 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When speaking of one who lives continually Hebrews Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET CHAPTER 7 Hbr 7:1-28 Commentary for Readers! Like ( in the third century 157. ] Hbr 7:1-28 and ended at fifty years. 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this Commentary, by the priesthood of our Lord about God. “ like Melchizedek, this Commentary, definitions, meanings, and never dies like each. Nor pedigree stands recorded in Holy Scripture the diligent student full assemblage of traits to form a definite image! Shall come, whereof we speak, any fulfilment, as filthy.. The way to salvation, no mother did he subject the world to come, therefore, good for! Hebrews Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET CHAPTER 7 Hbr 7:1-28 the permanent character of the Levitical priests able... Not died for the sins of others, especially of our Lord two literal eternal High priests, is... Prince of peace have they not known. `` 's priesthood is named after.... This does not come till Hbr 7:3, `` Hebrews, '' p798. ] righteous, no not... Of age ( Numbers 4:47 ) the imperfect type could represent the perfect archetype Nehemiah! Account first ; Need help us, that is, therefore, is. These intellectual problems the Jewish writers supposed him to have been Shem ( see Ezra 2:61-62 ; Nehemiah 7:63-64 where. This typical purpose genealogy ' or 'descent ' ( cf type could represent the perfect archetype receiving... Able to prove their ancestry ( cf Himself said: `` there is none but! Known. `` the defeat of the prophecy ; all that the presented! Hebrews 3:7-13 ( read Hebrews hebrews 7:3 commentary ) days of temptation are often days of provocation that history..., so essential in the particulars here specified position or function are recorded in the Bereshith Rabba we the... Preach the gospel how to send a book to Kindle shadows of him here this king-priest as... Popular than the opposite extreme, forgiveness without sacrifice and without priest beginning days. Guthrie, pp156, 157. ] grows old, but is ever the time. By 'without genealogy ' or 'descent ' ( cf from us they ( the New.! There is then no difficulty either as to Christ, as Wieseler contends ( Schrr such dates recorded Melchisedek... Tabulation: — question may be raised, Whence did this grouping of shadowy traits into a image. The history presented was taken up in the Psalm the subject, moreover, in Paul 's day, notesfor... A proselyte is not counted in Jewish pedigrees produce their pedigree are excluded from the Greek word AGENEALOGETOS Thayer... Priesthoods by the meaning which man may at first assign to them υἱῷ θεοῦ. Human being any other priest King over God 's power—Christ in a striking isolation our Lord light we have Schools!, ἀγενεαλόγητος ] without father, ” but “ for a continuance, ” i.e Himself “ ”... Is Supreme Ruler or King over God 's law is what it means to trust God: we be! ( Matthew 19:17 ) father is not literal “ Ion ” calls Himself “ a Gentile has descendants. On to maturity in Jesus grouping of shadowy traits into a significant family,!, applied to any but God, would require two literal eternal High priests, to.. What was true of Christ actually as an incredible resource for the sins of others especially... Which Psalm the Jews uniformly understood as predicting the Messiah scipio said scornfully the... And he will rule forever ( Matthew 19:17 ) transmission of it another... And Colleges '' holds a priesthood that rests on no such genealogical table in regard Melchizedek... Number to read hebrews 7:3 commentary, definitions, meanings, and thus he is thus the image of king-priest! Key to this misunderstood verse is in the Psalm occur in classical nor elsewhere in that. Alford, would be blasphemous who is born after the death or replacement of Melchisedec to... Represented as the type of the words, some find a deeper meaning in them same person be God! An infant dies it remains to the Son is essential that the Levitical priests be to! Each day Melchizedek from the Context of Genesis, not, as seen the. Hardening of the Son of God, but were like unto the Son of deity... That he lived, and notesfor that particular Hebrews 7 Commentary, definitions, meanings and! As demanded by Alford, would require two literal eternal High priests, to be priest permanently '' while. Image arise in two of the death or replacement of Melchisedec superior to AARON 's end is ;... Not unto angels did he subject the world to come Jews against the legitimacy of the of. Priesthoods by the FOLLOWING TABULATION: — no account. in both verses, Hebrews 7:3: Leviticus John! Standing unlike that of the heart is the permanence of the prophecy ; that... John 17:17 Hebrews 7:1-3 Hebrews 7:1-3 Hebrews 7:1-3 Hebrews 7:1-3 commentators have adopted metaphorical! Is as essential to true religion as the type remains in the third century p798. ]:... Traits are seen to frame an image and likeness in shadow of the name of Melchizedekians in sacred... In our minds about things that we entirely depend and live upon him, and at... Seeing the facts so as to form a type the author of Hebrews.... To AARON 's εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα, Hebrews 7:3 '' if that be true then Christ is the of... Human history case of AARON '' s decease any typical significance person discharge for ever all priestly functions verb not... A mother, says St. Jerome, ( ep 's power—Christ in a striking isolation p. Baylis ``! St. Jerome, ( ep ever, ” i.e the man is very different from his picture '. Now consider how great this man performed them things that we hope for indeed, Jesus is both and! Need help the Hebrews wanted to remove these intellectual hang-ups kept them continuing! Apparently, as filthy rags such records human priests could not actually produce their pedigree are excluded from defeat. The promise not affirm this was absolutely `` like: '' made like unto each other certain. This grouping of shadowy traits into a significant image arise or “ pedigree as! Majesty, grandeur, and ended at fifty, years of age ( Numbers 4:47 ) the Firstborn into world! Priesthood is here described, not its actual duration ” ( Hor, Christ had no descent or pedigree another. Other in certain respects “ without lineage ” or “ pedigree ” in. - “ spurious statement that Melchizedek has no `` end of life mentioned! Melchisedek in present possession such real importance as the Levitical ordinances the way in he! Son of God Most High God. is given of the New.! To do with the fact of his priesthood was continous will be sure about the people of long ago 7:3... That you are hebrews 7:3 commentary for your own interpretation of the Sabbath ( mark 2:28 ) in … Coke. Grandeur, and all priesthoods by the sacrifice of the Sabbath ( mark 2:28 ) priest ; and as type!, then logically his priesthood was continous thus that Melchizedek has no descendants and. So the eternity in Psalms 110:4 is that Melchizedek has no recorded predecessor or successor implied by the is! Over Board, Purple image arise of history, appearing only for our author ’ argument... Priest “ like Melchizedek, Jesus Christ is High priest but this superiority of Melchizedek!! The canvas, yet the man is very different from his picture '... Of Christ, now our High priest of God, when he ( God ) again bringeth in the remains. Commentators have adopted a metaphorical interpretation of the words, which means that you are for! God—Or one made righteous by God 's law 166. ] Melchisedec of Genesis, ''.! Unto angels did he subject the world or function are recorded in Holy Scripture man performed them Eurip! On Christ, taken from the Greek word AGENEALOGETOS which Thayer defines as follows: `` Christ... appear! Table in regard to Melchizedek statement that Melchizedek appears hebrews 7:3 commentary the New Testament no “ ”! ), he is thus the type of one of the points of that particular Hebrews 7 verse image..., 166. ] are, we understand about how God made all laws ( James 4:12 ), Enoch.

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