Among his later works were several monumental sculptures, such as those he executed for the city of Chicago (unveiled 1981) and for the city of Houston (1982). During World War II Miró returned to Spain, where he painted Constellations (1941), a series of small works scattered with symbols of the elements and the cosmos, expressing the happy collaboration of everything creative. First Name Joan #21. His mature style evolved from the tension between his fanciful, poetic impulse and his vision of the harshness of modern life. The collages, sculptures, tapestries and abstract paintings created by Joan Miró were bright, fantastical and reminiscent of cave paintings. Joan Miró is the 726th most popular Taurus. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. Not on display. James Hetfield says: January 16, 2014 at 2:38 pm Hello this is James Hetfield Jhon miro is a good artist’s i really like his paintings im a guitares. In his late works Miró employed an even greater simplification of figure and background; he sometimes created a composition merely by setting down a dot and a sensitive line on a sea-blue surface, as in Blue II (1961). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Although Miró did poorly at school, he began drawing regularly at the age of eight. Date Of Birth: 20 April 1893. Place Of Birth: Barcelona, Catalonianow Spain. Sign up to our newsletter . Birthday: September 20, 1925 Date of Death: August 27, 1976 Age at Death: 50. Not on display. Le Styx. Joan Miró i Ferrà (Catalan pronunciation: [ʒuˈam miˈɾo]; 20 April 1893 – 25 December 1983) Spanish Catalan painter, sculptor aur ceramicist rahaa. Birth Date: 1893. Ii ka janam Spain ke sabse barra city me se ek Barcelona me hua rahis. Reply. Miró and Juncosa married in 1929, and the following year, their only daughter, Maria Dolors Miró, was born. In the seventies, exhibitions of his work became increasingly all over the world. He is considered one of the great exponents of surrealism." Joan Miró i Ferrà (April 20,1893 – December 25,1983) was a world renowned Spanish Catalan painter, sculptor, and ceramist who was born in the sea port city of Barcelona.. Miro was the son of a watchmaking father and a goldsmith mother, he was exposed to the arts from a very young age.There have been some drwaings recovered by Miro dating to 1901, when he was only 8 years old. First Name Joan #21. In spite of his fame, however, Miró, a taciturn, introverted man, continued to devote himself exclusively to looking and creating. Best Known For: Catalan painter Joan Miró combined abstract art with Surrealist fantasy to create his lithographs, murals, tapestries, and sculptures for public spaces. From 1915 to 1919 Miró worked in Spain—in Barcelona, at Montroig, and on the island of Majorca—painting landscapes, portraits, and nudes in which he focused on the rhythmic interplay of volumes and areas of colour. Biography of Joan Miró Childhood. They include birth certificates, death records, marriage licenses, divorce decrees, naturalization records, adoption records, and land records from every state, territory, and county. His father Miguel was a watchmaker and goldsmith, while his mother was the daughter of a cabinetmaker. Sign up to our newsletter . Dezember 1983 in Palma) war ein spanisch-katalanischer Maler, Grafiker, Bildhauer und Keramiker.. Seine frühen Werke weisen, aufbauend auf der katalanischen Volkskunst, Einflüsse des Kubismus und des Fauvismus auf. His teacher at this school, Francisco Galí, showed a great understanding of his 18-year-old pupil, advising him to touch the objects he was about to draw, a procedure that strengthened Miró’s feeling for the spatial quality of objects. The Birth of the World hangs centrally in the first of the two galleries that comprise the show, positioned as the painting where Miró broke with the style of his earlier work. Taurus Artist #16. Joan Miró i Ferrà ( mi-ROH, also US: mee-ROH, Catalan: [?u'am mi'?o j f? He also imbued his pictures of this period, such as the nightmarish Head of a Woman (1938), with a demonic expressiveness that mirrored the fears and horrors of those years. 'ra]; 20 April 1893 – 25 December 1983) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona. Joan Miró i Ferrà (April 20,1893 – December 25,1983) was a world renowned Spanish Catalan painter, sculptor, and ceramist who was born in the sea port city of Barcelona.. Miro was the son of a watchmaking father and a goldsmith mother, he was exposed to the arts from a very young age.There have been some drwaings recovered by Miro dating to 1901, when he was only 8 years old. DEATH DATE Dec 25, 1983 (age 90) Birth Sign Taurus. In 1907 when he was fourteen, Miró bega… He is known for his work on Marsalis on Music (1995), La nova cançó (1976) and John Cage (1966). The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. That year he began a series of very poetic works based on the combined themes of woman, bird, and star. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The poet André Breton, the chief spokesman of Surrealism, stated that Miró was “the most Surrealist of us all.”. In 1949 and 1950 he created some paintings that were wildly spontaneous in character, while executing others with punctilious craftsmanship. Both his father’s background as an artisan and the austere Catalan landscape would be of great importance to his art. Earning international acclaim, his work has been interpreted as Surrealism, a sandbox for the subconscious mind, a re-creation of the childlike, and a manifestation of Catalan pride. For example, he depicted a peasant revolt in The Reaper, a mural he painted for the pavilion of the Spanish Republic at the Paris World Exhibition of 1937. Be in the know. April 1893 in Barcelona, Katalonien; † 25. He worked extensively in lithography and produced numerous murals, tapestries, and sculptures for public spaces. Galí also introduced his pupil to examples of the latest schools of modern art from Paris as well as to the buildings of Antoni Gaudí, Barcelona’s famous Art Nouveau architect. One of the foremost exponents of abstract art and Surrealist fantasy. Joan Miró pseudonym: - birth data date of birth: 1893 place of birth: Barcelona death data date of death: 1983 Le Styx. In paintings such as Dog Barking at the Moon (1926), he rendered figures of animals and humans as indeterminate forms. Who Was Joan of Arc? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Best Known As: Colorful Catalan abstract painter and sculptor. Joan Miró i Ferrà (Catalan pronunciation: [ʒuˈam miˈɾo]; 20 April 1893 – 25 December 1983) Spanish Catalan painter, sculptor aur ceramicist rahaa. In general, Joan Miró ranks as the 8096th most popular famous … Joan Miro. Joan Miró was born in Spain in 1893 to a family of craftsmen. Production date Unknown. Quick Facts Name Joan of Arc Birth Date c. 1412 Death Date May 30, 1431 Place of Birth Domremy, France Place of Death Rouen, France AKA St Joan of Arc Joan of Arc Learn about Joan Miró (Painter): Birthday, bio, family, parents, age, biography, born (date of birth) and all information about Joan Miró Details Date of birth 1893 Place of birth Barcelona Date of death 1983 Place of death Palma de Mallorca Nationality Spain/France. His parents took him for convalescence to an estate they bought especially for this purpose—Montroig, near Tarragona, Spain—and in 1912 they allowed him to attend an art school in Barcelona. ‘The Birth of the World’ was created in 1925 by Joan Miro in Surrealism style. Celebrities and Notable People Who Have Had Coronavirus. Creator Dates/Places: 1893 - 1983 Creator Birth Place: Barcelona Creator Death Place: Palma, Majorca Creator Name-CRT: Joán Miró Title: A Toute Épreuve (Proof Against All) (Geneva: Gérald Cramer, 1958) View: Full View Creation Start Date: 1958 Creation End Date: 1958 Creation Date: 1958 Creation Place: France Object Type: Books Apr 20, 1893. He experimented with the boldly colourful Fauvist style, but his treatment of form was geometric, influenced by the work of Paul Cézanne and the Cubist artists. Most Popular #60244. In the seventies, exhibitions of his work became increasingly all over the world. Joan Miró was born the first son of Michel Miró Adziras and Dolores Ferra on April 20, 1893, in Montroig near Barcelona, Spain. Le Styx. Birth Place: Barcelona. Miró signed the manifesto of the Surrealist movement in 1924, and the members of the group respected him for the way he portrayed the realm of unconscious experience. Sign up. Joan Miró: Birth of the World exhibition entry. He was married to Pilar Juncosa Iglesias. The Catalan architect José Luis Sert built for him the large studio of which he had dreamed all of his life on Majorca. Born in 1893 #15. Thanks to Joan Miró’s generosity, Barcelona’s Club 49 invited the Merce Cunningham Dance Company to perform in Sitges in 1966. Courtesy of www.Joan-Miro.net: The final years of Miro's artistic career were characterized by an abundant use of black and a loose manner of applying paint to the canvas, which resulted in much dripping and splattering. Auckland Art Gallery +64 9 379 1349 Email us Getting here. Pilar Miró - Biography . Die Biografie des Künstlers aus Barcelona zeigt, wie er sich nach schwerer Krankheit entschloss Maler zu werden. LILA YASHAM says: December 3, 2013 at 5:12 pm Hello I love Joan Miro. He died on December 25, 1983 in Palma de Mallorca, Mallorca, Balearic Islands, Spain. Joán Miró Date of birth 1893 Place of birth Barcelona/Spain Date of death 1983 Place of death Majorca/Spain Nationality Spanish, French. He worked extensively in lithography and produced numerous murals, tapestries, and sculptures for public spaces. Joan Miró, (born April 20, 1893, Barcelona, Spain—died December 25, 1983, Palma, Majorca), Catalan painter who combined abstract art with Surrealist fantasy. Joan Miró was born on April 20, 1893 in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Birthday April Apr 20, 1893. Courtesy Denis Doorly / MoMA. Atop this relatively uncontrolled application of paint, he added lines and shapes he had previously planned in studies. From early in his career Miró sought to establish means of metaphorical expression—that is, to discover signs that stand for concepts of nature in a transcendent, poetic sense. Joan Miró wurde am 20.4.1893 in Barcelona geboren. His father Miguel was a watchmaker and goldsmith, while his mother was the daughter of a cabinetmaker. Miró’s father was a watchmaker and goldsmith. Joan Miró’s art changed throughout his career but often combined naturalism with abstraction. Birthday April Apr 20, 1893. Pilar Miró was born on April 20, 1940 and died on October 19, 1997. Date/place of birth. Courtesy of www.Joan-Miro.net: The final years of Miro's artistic career were characterized by an abundant use of black and a loose manner of applying paint to the canvas, which resulted in much dripping and splattering. From 1919 onward Miró lived alternately in Spain and Paris. According to his parents’ wishes, Joan Miró attended a commercial college. He designed tapestries in 1934, which led to his interest in the monumental and in murals. About. Joan Barton - Biography . In 1966, he went to Japan, which he felt had as major of an effect on him as had his move to Paris. Artworks View Artwork. Death Date: 1983. Joan Miró i Ferrà ( mi-ROH, also US: mee-ROH, Catalan: [?u'am mi'?o j f? 1983 Palma de Mallorca Joan Miró i Ferrà was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona. Joán Miró Date of birth 1893 Place of birth Barcelona/Spain Date of death 1983 Place of death Majorca/Spain Nationality Spanish, French. Influence of Paul Klee is apparent in "dream pictures" and "imaginary landscapes" of the late 1920s. Miró knew Pilar Juncosa from childhood; his mother and hers (a cousin of Miró’s grandmother) were brought up together when the latter was orphaned. Earning international acclaim, his work has been interpreted as Surrealism, a sandbox for the subconscious mind, a re-creation of the childlike, and a manifestation of Catalan pride. His ceramic experiments culminated in the two great ceramic walls in the UNESCO building in Paris (1958), for which he received the Great International Prize of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation. From 1925 to 1928, under the influence of the Dadaists, Surrealists, and Paul Klee, Miró painted “dream pictures” and “imaginary landscapes” in which the linear configurations and patches of colour look almost as though they were set down randomly, as in The Policeman (1925). Most of these foreign artists elected to become French citizens after coming into contact with the exciting French artistic metropolis, but Miró remained attached to his Catalan homeland. Taurus Artist #16. His mature style evolved from the tension between his fanciful poetic impulse and his vision of the harshness of modern life. Be in the know. Reply. Pilar Miró Birthday and Date of Death. Born in Barcelona in 1893, he studied at the Llotja Higher School of Industrial and Fine Arts until 1910 under Modest Urgell and Josep Pascó. Back to Top. Although he typically was not political in his work, the turmoil in his native country inspired him to embrace social criticism. According to his parents’ wishes, he attended a commercial college. Joan Barton Birthday and Date of Death. Perhaps in keeping with his family's artistic trade, Miró exhibited a strong love of drawing at an early age; not particularly inclined toward academics, he said he was "a very poor student...quiet, rather taciturn, and a dreamer." Date Of Death: 25 December 1983. Joan Miró; Born: Joan Miró i Ferrà Apr. He was one of the many artists who made their way from abroad to Paris during the first two decades of the 20th century. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. Joan Miro . Reply. He then worked for two years as a clerk in an office until he had a mental and physical breakdown. In his later years, he dabbled in commercial projects, such as the logo for the Spanish Tourist B… Sign up. He is considered one of the great exponents of surrealism." Some of his famous works are from the 1920s, when, under the influence of the Dadaists, Surrealists, and Paul Klee, Miró painted such “dream pictures” as The Birth of the World (1925). He starts work as an accounts clerk at Dalmau i Oliveres chemist's shop in Barcelona. In the years following World War II Miró became internationally famous; his sculptures, drawings, and paintings were exhibited in many countries. Born in 1893 #15. He wanted to portray nature as it would be depicted by a primitive person or a child equipped with the intelligence of a 20th-century adult; in this respect, he had much in common with the Surrealists and Dadaists, two schools of modern artists who were striving to achieve similar aims by more intellectual means than those used by Miró. Joan Miró said that The Birth of the World depicts “a sort of genesis”—the amorphous beginnings of life. After a trip in 1928 to the Netherlands, where he studied the 17th-century Dutch realist painters in the museums, Miró executed a series of works based on Old Master paintings titled Dutch Interiors (1928). Atop this relatively uncontrolled application of paint, he added lines and shapes he had previously planned in studies. Joan Miro | Biography, Paintings, Style, & Facts | Britannica BIRTH DATE: April 20, 1893 DEATH DATE: December 25, 1983 PLACE OF BIRTH: Barcelona, Spain PLACE OF DEATH: Palma, Spain. A museum dedicated to his work, the Fundació Joan Miró, was established in his native city of Barcelona in 1975, and another, the Fundació Pilar i Joan Miró, was established in his adoptive city of Palma de Mallorca in 1981. His work has been interpreted as Surrealism, a sandbox for the subconscious mind, a re-creation of the childlike, and a manifestation of Catalan pride. Joan Miró Nationality: spanish. Joan Miró rejected the constraints of traditional painting, creating works “conceived with fire in the soul but executed with clinical coolness,” as he once said. Died: December 25, 1983. Beginning in 1948, Miró once again divided his time between Spain and Paris. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Artworks View Artwork. Joan Miró, Art Department: Marsalis on Music. Joan Miró died at 90 years old. Mature work and international recognition, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Joan-Miro, Art Encyclopedia - Biography of Joan Miro, Joan Miró - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Birth of Day, 1968 by Joan Miro. Joan Miró i Ferrà (1893–1983) Alternative names: Mirò; Miró; Joan Miro; Juan Miró; Joan Mirò: Description: Spanish painter, sculptor and engraver: Date of birth/death: 20 April 1893 25 December 1983 Location of birth/death: Barcelona: Palma de Mallorca: Work … About Joan Miró. His earliest surviving drawings date from this year. Day/place of death. Born: April 20, 1893. His art had developed slowly from his first clumsy attempts at expression to the apparently playful masterpieces of his later period. Joan Miro was born in Barcelona on April 20, 1893. In numerous interviews dating from the 1930s onwards, Miró expressed contempt for conventional painting methods as a way of supporting bourgeois society, and declared an "assassination of painting" in favour of upsetting the visual elements of established painting.
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